EIGHT LIMBS OF YOGA
Raj a-Yoga is known as the eightfold Yoga, because it is divided into eight principal parts. These are:
First: Yama. This is the most important and has to govern the whole life; it has five divisions:
1st. Not injuring any being by thought, word, or deed.
2nd. Non-covetousness in thought, word, or deed.
3rd. Perfect chastity in thought, word, or deed.
4th. Perfect truthfulness in thought, word, or deed.
5th. Non-receiving of gifts.
Second: Niyama. The bodily care, bathing daily, dietary, etc.
Third: Asana, posture. Hips, shoulders, and head must be held straight, leaving the spine free.
Fourth: Pranayama, restraining the breath (in
order to get control of the Prana or vital force).
Fifth: Pratyahara, turning the mind inward and restraining it from going outward, revolving the matter in the mind in order to understand it.
Sixth: Dharana, concentration on one subject.
Seventh: Dhyana, meditation.
Eighth: Samadhi, illumination, the aim of all our efforts.
He who seeks to come to God through Raja-Yoga must be strong mentally, physically, morally, and spiritually. Take every step in that light. (VUE. 41, 44)