Jnanachara Vichara Padalam
(The Knowledge that Transcends Time Revealed to Devi)
Prefatory Verse (by Kannudaya Vallalar)
Of all the births, the human birth is the rarest.
Of all the disciplines, non-killing is supreme.
Of all the Gods to meditate upon, the three-eyed One is the best.
Of all the scriptures, Devikalottaram is the greatest.
Meditate in the heart upon Lord Ganesa1 – the silent, non-dual,
universal witness – who is the nectar of divine bliss and is full of
grace. He shines as the bountiful flowering of aspirants who follow
the path of spiritual wisdom revealed in Devikalottaram, which
was revealed by Lord Ishwara to Goddess Ishwari.
1. O Lord of all celestial beings, I yearn to know that path of supreme
wisdom and the codes of conduct by which one can attain
liberation, so that all the people in the world may attain salvation.
Out of your compassion, I beg you to teach them to me.
2. O Queen among women, so that everyone may attain knowledge,
I shall clearly explain to you today the highest wisdom and the
methods, though difficult to describe, by which discerning seekers
of wisdom can attain liberation free from any blemish.
Jnanachara Vichara Padalam
Ariya vakkaiyin manida vakkaiye yakkai
Viriyu nonbinil uyirkola viradame viradam
Karudir deivadan kannudar deivame deivam
Teriyir devikalottarat tettrame tettram
Devan tiru-vayal Devi cevi-pugattun
Devi kalot-taran terjnana – mavilai-vam
Ananda vana-muda mana-varul addu-vida
Monak kari-yahame munn-ammai – tanum
1. Anai-vark-kume muktik kaga-vam mukti
Tanai-yuru-marggak katchi tanam – anaiya-para
Jnana macharame nadu-menak kunnarulal
Vana-var Isa vazhut-tenna – Jnana-Sivan
2. Yadi-nan jnani-yargal yador kalan-gamumil
Odariya mukti-tanai uttri-duvar – madarase
Jnana acharan-gal nanunak kindru-raippan
Jnana-mura yava-rume nanginda – una-maru
3. O Lady of fair countenance, understand that one who is not
able to realise the truth in his heart by this knowledge of spiritual
wisdom known as Kala Jnana, can never attain it even by
studying the hundreds of crores of sastras2 spanning the heavens.
4. Therefore let the wise man be fearless,
undoubting, free from desire, earnest, resolute
and persevering in jnana,as explained here.
5. O Divine Mother, claiming nothing as ‘mine’, filled with
compassion, give protection to all living beings so that no creature
fears you. Yearn for liberation and be absorbed in yoga3. Study
this work, Devikalottaram, and follow wholeheartedly and
steadfastly the single path shown within it.
6-7. He who is able to bring his mind under control is Brahma,
Siva, and Vishnu,4 he is Indra, King of the devas, he is the six¬
faced Skanda5, he is the guru of all devas6, he is the supreme
yogi who has performed every austerity; he alone is (truly)
learned, for he has achieved the supreme spiritual goal, whose
mind is no longer unstable like air but is held firm.
8-9. The means by which this mind, which is restless and moves
about quicker than the wind, can be brought under control,
is indeed the means to liberation and is good for those who
seek the permanent Reality. It itself is pure consciousness and
the state of firmness. It alone is the righteous duty to be observed
by discerning seekers. It alone is the pilgrimage to holy waters.
3. Jnanan-dan yavark-kum nan-mugatto yik-kala
Jnanat-tal ullin anugado – vana
Kanak-kilak kodi-nul kattralum annorkku
Unar-vudiya dendre unarvai – tuni-vidu
4. Ada-nale nirbha-yanai aiya-mena lindri
Yeda-nilume yichai ila-nai – idayat-til
Nar-siraddai yodu nira-kula-nai jnanat-til
Urchagam ullonai uttrena-den – pattram
5. Mamadai indrik-karunai mannibbu dangal
Tamak-kellame abayam tantu – mumutshu-vai
Yogat-tir tar-parana yodik-kalot-tarattin
Eka vazhi nirka isaindu-puram – poga
6. Avan-tane nan-muganum achivanum malum
Avan-devar kon guhanu-mavan – avan-tan
Akila surar-Guruvu mavan-ma yogi
Akila tapo-dananu mame – akila-munar
7. Pandi-tanu ma-purudan para-mart tap-peru
Konda-vanu manna-vane kurun-gal – mandi-yuzhal
Vayu-saman cittam valit-tevana niccha-lana
Mayirut-tap petridu mam-cittam – tuyoi
8. Adu-tane muktik kupayam aduve
Chatu-bayar char-gunan tanum – aduve
Prajnai stirat-tanmai pinnum aduve
Daru-mam vivegi-yark-kut tan-mattru – aridam 7
It alone is charity. It alone is austerity. Know that there is no
doubt about this.
10. When the mind moves even a little, that is samsara8. When the
mind abides firmly and motionlessly (in the state of the Self),
that is mukti9 10. This is certain. Therefore know that the wise
man must hold his mind firm by supreme Self-Awareness.
11. The happiness attained in this solitariness is the highest,
boundless bliss. What learned person will not revel in that
Supreme Reality, in which there is absolutely no action?
12. Being rid of worldly knowledge and having acquired pure
wisdom, formless and all-pervading, in which there are no sense
objects, the great hero is sure to achieve everlasting moksha,
even if he does not consciously seek it.
13. The consciousness (chaitanya) associated with the aspect ‘I am’
is called sakti. The universe shines by its light. The whole of
creation is sakti’s sankalpa7. The state free of all (such)
attachments is the pure state of wisdom.
14. The Void11 which is without parallel, which is the effulgence
of pure wisdom completely devoid of visible phenomena, and
which consists of the aspect ‘I’, is considered the seed of
liberation. The experience of that impels one to start on the
path of union with the Supreme.
15. Do not waste time meditating on forms of the Lord, the various
Evvuba yatti-nale vayu-vir chalana
Ivvulan kattap-padumo ennun-kal – evvi-damum
10. Cittan ciri-dasaiya samsara nicchala-mach
Citta-nilai nirka-mukti citta-midu – cittan
Stira-makkave vendum adalinal dhiman
Paramam prajnai-inar par-ahdu – orumai-yurum
11. Anda ekantat tadai-yun sukam-aduve
Anda-mila addiyanta anandam – endak
Karuma-mumil apparattir kattra-vana mardan
Iramit tidani yisaip-pai – pirivam
12. Vishaya jnanampoi virinish kala-mai
Vishayamin jnana-paran vidum – adaiya
Ava-vilane nun-diran akshayama moksham
Tava duttridu-vane tane – Sivaiye
13. Irukkin-dren enkalaiyo deinda-chai tanya
Vuru-sakti agdal olirum – pra-pancham
Sarvan sakti-dyanan sar-nish kala-jnanam
Sarva nira-lamban tan-ayala – sarva-mila
14. Adduvita-magi arivoli matti-ramai
Yettu-maga mami-sat tecchun-yam – muktikku
Vitta-duve yendru vilam-bum para-yogattu
Uytti-duva dakat-tan uttra-gattai – nattadu
15. Chakkaran-gal nadi-gal char-paduma devatai
Aksharan-gal mandala murtta-diyam – mikka-vivai
16. Those who seek everlasting liberation,should not engage in repeating various sacred syllables
(mantras), in breath-control (pranayama), breath retention
(kumbhaka) or concentration (dharana).
17. (Neither) is there room for performing puja, paying homage,
chanting, meditation and the like. Hear it from Me: the highest
truth acclaimed in the Vedas can be known only through jnana.
There is absolutely no need to know anything outside oneself.
18. For those whose minds are constantly externalized and clinging
to external objects, the seeds of bondage invariably take root.
If the outward-wandering mind is turned inwards to stay in its
natural state, one overcomes suffering in the world.
19. Unite with that one totality, which is all-pervasive, which has
no within or without, up or down, midway or sideways. It
assumes all the forms in creation and yet is itself formless. It is
self-luminous and can only be known by Itself.
20. Since whatever a person sees, thinks of,and seeks to accomplish by his actions influences his destiny,
let him meditate on that which is beyond perception,
and even imagination.
Orpodum arpa-mume unni yidat-taga
Ner-marga mam-idanai nit-tuyirin – Oryap-pam
16. Kumba-kamu mandirak kuttam uyir-chalana
Stambana mun-nayavan daranai-tam – enbavai-gal
Attanai-yum asarikka venda-vam akshayama
Mukti-yicchai ullOr muyan-drendrun – citta-madal
17. Pujai vanak-kam puri-jepan cinta-nam
Asa-rippa dedume angillai – pesu-madu
Kevalam jneya-mendru kelinik kinjil-anyam
Avariya venduva-dindram chalanam – mevi
18. Veli-vishayam pattrum viri-manat-tark kendrum
Vilaiyum vegu-banda hetu – veliye
Tiriyun cittat-tait tiruppa-nilai yuttre
Oru-tunime var-ulagil Orvai – nirmala-mai
19. Ulveli-mel kizh-nadudik kOr-ciri-dum indriye
Ulla-vuru ella-mai Oruru-vum – illa-dai
Tan-tanakke veddiya-mait tane ilangidu-mal
Pundra-mam ondru punarn-diduga – vundri-manam
20. Evvedan drishti-yal evvuyir cheyyun-tozhilgal
Avvu-yirk kakgati unda-dalal – evvam
Ara-vavai charad ayal-drishti yatru
Nira-lOkan tane ninai-vai – ore-meiyal
21. In reality there is neither cause, nor effect, nor any action,
nor does anything actually ever happen.
There is neither a world and nor a dweller in it: the individual and his attachments are in fact non-existent.
22. The Universe has no external support16, nor is it cognized from
without. The yogi (with his mind turned inward) merges with
this whole by making every object in the world one with it.
23. The one who fails to meditate on this great all-pervading
Void17, formless and vast like the sky, gets entangled in samsara
like the silkworm caught in its own cocoon.Understand this.
24. Living beings18 of whatever sort undergo misery
again and again. Hear it from me:
In order to avoid all this suffering and sorrow,one should meditate ever on the great Void!
25. Good conduct, various rituals and the disciplines associated
with them have been prescribed19 in order that knowledge
might be born in the seeker. One should abandon all paths
which are based on external supports and meditate solely on
that Reality which is beyond the world.
21. Etu palan-karu-mam illai subavattil
Odum ivai-yavum unmai-yala – beda
Ulaga-mum illai ulagap pattrulla
Lau-kigan tanum ilaiye – nilavum
22. Nira-lamba minda nikila-mum andri
Nira-lambattal olira nirpa – nira-lambam
Agachei dinda anaittu nira-lambam
Agiduvan endre arivuru-vattru – eka
23. Viyoma vadiva-gum viyapa-gama sunyam
Yadoru-van bavit tidanel – yandu-mavan
Bijako sakkirumi polap prapancha
Pasa-samu sari-yam par-nangap – pesum
24. Akila-mam yoni-yilum aruyir yavir-kum
Mihak-klesam porun-dum menmel – akila
Klesa-mume nikku-darku kelma sunyattai
Lesa-marac cintai yiyattru – klesa-minmei
25. Jnana-vuda yap-porutte narki-riyai char-chariyai
Tanavilap patta-dal tan-ondrai – mana-dattin
Utkaru-dun salamba yogam tanai-yumori
Nish-prapan chatte nilai-nirpai – titpa-mai
26. Only the valorous who, with the arrow of sunyabhava20,
have pierced through all the regions
from the highest to the nethermost,
are considered Knowers of the Void.
27. The mind, hankering after the things of this world,
is more restless than a monkey. If one controls it and one is
established in the state of sarvasunya21,
one will attain liberation directly.
28. The fullness of Consciousness22 is none other than the true
meaning of the word ‘I’. Though quite other than the sense
‘I am the body’, it is not different from the basic principles
of which the world is made. It is the all-pervading Reality.
29. O my Beloved, this complete Wholeness pervades all creation
within and without like formless space. Those who are
submerged in this blissful state become the Supreme Bliss
themselves. See, how wonderful!
30. The outgoing-mind dissolves of its own accord
when deprived of anything to hold on to,
just as a fire dies down and goes out when deprived of fuel.
31-32. Turn away from confusion, delusion, ignorance, dreaming,
sleeping and waking; for the Supreme is different from the gross
body, different from the subtle prana, from mind, intellect and
ego. Meditate on that Consciousness23 and become one with it.
26. Patala-mun bakap pagar-sakti anta-mai
Adarap patta-vivai attanai-yum – vlda-lurum
Suniya-mam astiran konda-rale sura-ravar
Suniya Jnani-yarat chut-turu-vor – Ina
27. Visha-yattil asai vidade kurangai
Vida-chali cittattai vidadu – madakki
Saruva sunyap-padattil stabikka ahdal
Nirvana-muttri duva nere – paramai
28. Akila tattuvat-tum abinna-mai agam
Ahamen batar-kaniya magi – ahameip
Poruluk kabin-namam purana cit-tengum
Porundu-muka mulla porul-tan – teriyu-mahtu
29. Agayam pola akilat taham-pura-mum
Ekanka mayuru-vam indri-yadam – aha
Parama-nandat-tut padinta-var anbeyap
Parama-nandap padivar parai – sarva-lurum
30. Indana-milla eritan evvannam tan-tane
Manda-mai santi-yinai mannumo – anda-vidam
Pattru-porul attrar paranda manamum-santi
Uttru-vidun tanaga oynda-danal – pattra-lurum
31. Mohikai mayaiye murccikai sop-panam
Agiya innan gavait-taiga-lum – eka
Suzhutti-yodu jakkiran chollu-mivai yellam
Ozhittu-vida vendum unarvai – azhutta-mam
32. Deha-midir sukshu-mamac cheru-muyir citta-buddi
Ahum-ahan kara-mivai yavukkum – eka-chittu
Anniyame endru-cintai attrave acchittai
Manniduvan endru madit-tidunI – binna-mam
33. The mind often strays into day dreams or falls asleep.
One should be vigilant and turn it Backto its pristine state
again and again.
34. When once the mind becomes steady, it should not be disturbed in any way. There is no need to
think of anything else. One should fix the mind firmly in that
state (of Self-Awareness) and keep it still.
35. The mind always clings to some (external) support (i.e., sense
objects). One must remove all such attachments and supports.
As the mind has the tendency to wander, one should make it
motionless. Once still, one should not disturb it in the slightest.
36. At the time of the dissolution of all beings24,
only a blemishless sky will remain.
One should meditate on one’s own form as all-pervasive
and pure as that blemishless sky.
37. By stilling one’s mind,restless like the wind,
one fulfils life’s highest purpose,the aim of all spiritual study.
38. In meditation, neither focus the mind on what is up, down,
in the middle25 nor within.
By avoiding internal distractions (thoughts),
one frees the mind of external distractions.
33. Niddirai yina-lum ninai-vadi yalu-nidam
Cittan-tan muda-migac cirazhiyun – citta-midai
Yettanat-tale unartti egamal tannilaiyil
Vaitidu-vai men-melum vai-adanal – citturu-vai
34. Cittam eppodu stirama-gum evvi-dattum
Attai chalip-pitta lagate – itta-naiyun
Cintikka vendu-vadin dranke acchit-tattai
Bandittu niccha-lame pannu-vai – bandik-kum
35. Asira-yam pattriya-dam acchit-tam anganame
Asira-yam indri-yadai akkiduga – asira-yam
Pattru-chala nicchala-map panniyan nicchalat-tai
Sattrun chalip-piya dai-santi – uttra-danal
36.Ivvellap buta vilaya-mun dagi-livattru
Evvev-vinnum vimala-me pola – avvav
Uruvam viyabittum ormala-mil tannaip
Poruvi diyanam purivai – maru-vum
37. Aduve jananam adain-dadan peram
Adu-tane panditya magum – edu-tan
Chalana-murum vayu saman citta-mendrun
Chalana-mara chei sadanam-tan – nila-nittu
38. Cittat-tai mele-yun daranam cheiyarka
Maddi-yilun kizhi-lum mat-trengum – chitta-midu
Anta-ranga bavanai-vit tasira-yam indri-yada
Santa-tamun cheididave tan-adanai – manda
39. If the mind becomes drowsy, awaken it.If it wanders, retrieve it.
When you reach the state where there is
neither drowsiness nor movement, remain there.
40. When the mind is left with nothing to cling to,
does not clutch to anything
and is completely free of changing states26,
this is the sign of liberation.
41. Dispelling all attachments and fixing the mind firmly in the Heart,
pure, clear awareness arises.
Persist in the practice of that awareness.
42. Those who meditate on the Supreme Void27
and become established in it through constant practice,
will reach the supreme abode
which is beyond birth and death.
43. Gods and goddesses, demi-gods and spirits,
merits and demerits and their fruits,
knowledge of causes and effects
– all these lead to bondage in samsara.
44. All dependencies are said to lead to the pairs of opposites
(happiness and misery, good and bad, profit and loss, etc.); it
is when one turns away from them that the highest realization
results. One who realizes thus is a jivanmukta, liberated while
alive. On discarding the body he becomes a videhamukta.
39. Urak-katti nindrum unar-tiduka chittam
Urirchala-nam pinnar oduk-kai – urak-kam
Alai-vennum ivvi-randum attra-nilai yuttral
Nilai-yidanil nicchala-mai nillai – valai-yam-vettru
40. Asira-yam indri-yadai acchit-tan tan-enrdum
Asa-rava lamba-melam attra-dayp – pasa
Mana-avattai mannida mai-jneya mukti
Tana-dilakka nan-tan tari-yai – tanak-kayalam
41. Alamba mellam ara-vitte-yam manat-tai
Elat tarip-pit tida-yatte – salat
Tulak-kama evva-rivu tond-rumo ahdu
Balak-kave endrum pazha-gav – vilak-kaya-radu
42. Appara-man suniyat-tai yardiya nitte-av
Abyasa tarpara-rai avaro – tap-par
Pirap-pirap pillada perumai-urum stanam
Urap peru-vare yava-rendror-vai – sirap-parum
43. Deva-rum devi-yarum annganame anni-yamam
Pava-mara mundar palan-galum – mevi-yidum
Asira-yam asiraya jnana-mume ana-vivai
Ma-samu-sara banda malagum – pasa-mam
44. Donda-men drasi-rayan sollap paduma-mat
Dondam vidap-paran tond-rume – banda-mil
jivan muk-tan-yogi dehat tiya-gattal
Avan videha-mukta nandru-vinai – mevum
the body will automatically drop away
of its own accord.
46. The Consciousness which shines as ‘I’ in the lotus of the Heart
is pure and perfectly still. By destroying the ego, this
Consciousness bestows the supreme bliss of liberation. Be assured of this.
47. By constantly meditating with great devotion:
‘I am that Siva who is completely free of all limitations’,
one overcomes all attachments.
48. One should give up
all notions of country, caste and asrama19,
and ever contemplate the Self,
one’s own true state.
49. I alone Am. No one belongs to me; nor do I belong to anyone.
I see no one who can call me his; neither do I see anyone who is mine. I alone Am.
50. Know that the one who experiences the firm conviction,
‘I am the Supreme Brahman, Master and Lord of the Universe!’
is the real mukta31;
all other experiences lead to bondage.
45.Udalai virahat tozhit-tidu-gai buddi
Udaiya-varar cheiya vonade – uda-lidanai
Yaram-bit tulla-vinai yatra-vudan ivvudala
Baran-tane yagalum par-udalut – charum
46.Idaya kama-latte aha-muruva mec-chittu
Adu-nimala niccha-lame yagum – udik-kum
Ahan-kara nikku-dalal acchitte mukti
Sukan koduppa-dendru tuni-yai – ahancer
47.Saruva upadi-yun chara-dula chittu
Uruvam edu-von druladu – niran-taram
Anda Sivamaha mend-ranbar diya-nite
Enda asakti-yum ettrudi – pundi-yal
48.Desa-mun jati-muta lami-vattrai chern-dana-vum
Masagal varna-sirama manni-navum – pesu-mip
Bava-naigalai yagatrip patriye tan-nilai-yin
Bava-naiye yend-rum pazhagu-bayam – meva
49.Oru-vana ner-kuri-yan oro-ruva nil-mattru
Oru-var-kil yanu muriyan – oru-van
Evar-kuri-yan yan-avanaik kan-dilen yan-erku
Eva-nuri-yan kan-dilen yane – avi-kara
50.Nane parap bramma nada-nula kuk-kisan
Nana-vin nicchaya-mar puru-dan – tane-nan
Muttana mandri muran-vazhiyil sel-purudan
Beddana mendruni penuda-nan – buddiya-gandru
51. The day one is able to see oneself with the inner eye
as other than the body,all desires vanish, and perfect peace is gained.
52. He who is described in the scriptures as the unborn,
ever-existent Lord, I am He, the Atman,
who is forever beyond form and attributes.
Let there be no doubt about this.
53. I am Pure Awareness, immaculate, perfectly liberated and
forever present everywhere. I am unlimited. One can neither
grasp me nor lose me. I am not determinable by logic or
reasoning. I am free from sorrow. I am always brahmamayam32.
54. I am the Self which is Consciousness Absolute 33, self-evident
and deathless, and entirely beyond this insentient body
bounded by its covering of skin (and occupying the space)
between the top of the head and the soles of the feet.
55. By thinking, ‘I am the Lord of all creation, moving or
motionless, I am the father, mother and grandparents of the
universe’, aspirants for mukti meditate upon Me, who is that
great turiya state34.
56. I am the one who is worshipped through sacrifices and penances
by all celestial beings beginning with Brahma (the Creator), the
sought after heavenly damsels, humans, yakshas, gandharvas,
51. Endroru-van dega mila-naga-ve tannai
Tan-jnanak kan-ninar-tan kanban – andre
Anait-tinum asai yara-vittu santi
Tanait-tunni yona-van tanai – tanitta
52. Aja-nisan endrella nur-kali-lum artan
Isaik-kap padu-vano endrum – asa-nran
Anguna-mil lanan-ma va-mavane yan-ciri-dum
Ingida-nil aiyam ilai-aga-mai – ongu-moru
53. Vijnana mattran vi-suddan vi-mukta-nan
Enjna-drum engum iruppa-nan – anjna-yattu
Ondrala-nan pattra-vida vonna-nan dukkami-lan
Endrum bramma mayan yanuyi-rudu – ondragi
54. Ucchi mudal-ullan kal-alava yut-pu-rambu
Iccharu-map porvai yirudi-yam – ijjadat-tukku
Anniya-chittai muzhudu mai-amuda mait-tane
Manniya anma-nan madi-yedire – tun-niya
55.Indac chara-charan-kat kisan-nan tayu-dane
Tandai-yum tandaik-kut tandai-yum – chinta-nan-kondu
Attu-riya nar-pada-mam enaiye chinti-ppar
Mutti virup-par munain-dulle – nit-tam
56.Braman-mun nan-devar penu-mara madar
Narar-iyak-kar gandaru-var nagar – nirai-yalum
nagas35 and other groups of superhuman beings.
Know that everyone worships only Me.
57. Through various austerities and charities,
everyone worships only Me.
Know that all this vast creation is nothing but Me,
the Infinite One.
58. I am neither the gross, nor the subtle, nor the causal body.
I am the kinsman of the universe. I am of the nature of
transcendental knowledge, I am the eternal One,
I am the Lord, the taintless One. I am not bound by the three
states (of waking, dream and sleep) but transcend all creation.
59. Beginningless Consciousness is unborn, whole, formless, pure,
and beyond the world. It resides forever in its natural home in
the cave of the Heart. It is beyond any comparisons and
completely unattached. It cannot be comprehended by the
mind, nor can it be seen or felt by the senses.
60. Repeatedly see, ‘I am He, Brahman, the eternal, omnipresent
Reality’. Meditate thus at length, for whoever abides
imperturbably in this truth will themselves become the
Supreme Brahman and attain immortality.
61. Noble Lady! I have expounded to you the nature of the
knowledge needed to gain liberation.
Listen now to the conduct
to be adopted by seekers:
Eccham pala-valum yan puj-jiyan enaiye
Arcchip-para-rum ari-yaru-lai – nacchi
57. Arun-tavan-gal danam aneha vidat-talum
Arcchippa rennaiye arum – paranda
Chara-vachara butangal charn-dula mattrellam
Oru-vanam yane unarvai – uru-vila-dal
58.StUla-nun sUkshu-manun sUni-yanum alla-nan
Jnalat-tin bandu-nan jnana-mayan – melum
Niran-taran Isan-vimalan nlda-vattai yillon
Prapancha millon-nan pin-num – stira-mam
59.Anadi vijnanam ajan-mam puranam
Tana-dita-yak guhai-yir tangi – enalum
Uru-vam ulagan kalan-gam oppup-pattrin-drik
Karudak kanak-kolap pogadu – maruvum
60. Sana-tanama yantara-mil sat-bramman soham
EnanI adik-kadi par-ekam – panalu-mevan
Bavittu nic-chalana nirpan parap-bram-mam
Avan-amudat tanmai arnd-anma – bavamam
61. Jnanam ivvarai navin-dridap patta-dal
Ana-mutti yarum adai-darku – manini-yindru
Acharam ennal arulap padu-midu-kel
Nl-sava danama nindru-nilai – masagala
62. O Queen among women, know that bathing in holy waters,
repeating holy names, performing daily homas, worship, and
oblations with fire as well as other disciplines following lengthy
study are not required.
63. Niyamas35, the worship of deities in holy places36, nama
archanas37, pitru karmas38, pilgrimages, and the observance of
vows, none of these are required for the one who aspires to
the highest knowledge.
64. He does not reap the fruit of actions, good or bad.
Important dates and special observances
followed by the world are not for him.
He is absolved of every kind of action and code of conduct.
65. Let the aspirant give up conventional usages,
religious practices and caste duties
since they are but
chains of bondage for him.
66. Even if the seeker acquires supernatural powers (siddhis39),
such as visualising what is buried beneath the earth,
and can demonstrate them,
he should reject them entirely.
67. All these powers only bind one to ego and individuality,
tempting one to a lesser path. The supreme joy of liberation
does not lie in any special power, but in Infinite Consciousness. 36 37 38 39 40
62. Nirada-lun jepa-mum nit-tiya omam pujai
Arazha-lin kariya madi-yat – teru-mor
Sadana-mum annon tanak-kendru mindra-man
Madarasi ye-ni madi-yida-nai – adaran-cer
63. Nema-mun ket-tira pidatil nikazh-sevai
Nama-varc chanam piti-rar nar-karu-mam – bu-maruvu
Tirt-tanal yat-tirai desar vira-dan-gal
Ortti-davar killai-yam ondrume – artta
64. Daruma daru-man taru-palan illai
Maruvu titi-ulaga mannun – karu-mam-ilai
Yellak karu-mam igandi-dula gacha-ram
Ella vidat-tum igandi-duga – chollar
65.Samaya acha-rame chattru-mindrit tallai
Samat-taman kanman talai-yai – amai-yumar
Sankar-pamun vikar-pan jati-daru man-sarnda
Sangat-tai-yun durat tallu-vai – pongum
66.Pala-vida-man siddi-galum patala munbai
Ilagum-irasa yana-mum enba – vulagil
Prat-tiyatsha magave pettra-lum pattral
Oru-vugave sadaga nul-nindru – uraitta
67.Ivai-ya-vum bandaga-mam ichjiva nukke
Ivai-melun tazhnda neri-yiva – ivai-gal
Yavai-yinum appa-rama mukti-sukam illai
Viya-paka-man citturuvam vittull – aya-varuttu
68. One must engage in yoga (abiding in the Self) in all circumstances,
without allowing any special event to affect one adversely. If doubts
and delusions arise in the form of desire to worship in holy places
and temples (due to pre-existing vasanas), reject them immediately.
69. Listen to me, Lady!
Know that only the wise man who never harms any form of
life, whether insects, worms, birds or plants,
is a person seeking true knowledge.
70. One should never uproot any tree or plant (for use in worship)
nor even merely pluck its leaves. Neither should one harm any
living thing out of anger. One should not pluck even one
71-72. The worship of Lord Siva should be done using only flowers that have fallen from trees of themselves.
The worship of stones,
wooden objects and similar articles
should be avoided.43
73. Having given up the mudras which are used for worshipping
the devatas in holy places and temples and other related
practices, one should get rid of the vasanas which may have
accumulated on account of such practices in the past, and cling
only to the Self, the all-pervading real Consciousness.
68. Evvi-sedat tanum ella avat-taiyi-num
Tavva-lara yogan darit-tonai – evvi-dattum
Aiyat-tal kettira pidat-tir kutu-kalama
Mai-yal-ezhin mattra-danai mattrudi – noyya
69. Kirumi kitam-para-vai kel-satiye daru
Vuru-mudala mella vuyi-rum – oru-podum
Nasa-murac cheyya-vona nallari-jnan unmai-yari
Acira-yit tonai ari-yarula – rasaya-nai
70. Ver-eduvun tan-pidunka vendam ilai-yinai-yum
Veru-padut-tun cheyalum vendame – ciri
Yinada seya-vendam evvuyirk-kum puvum
Anadara-vayk killa-ven dam-kan – manadu
71. Suya-magave udirnda tu-malar-gal konde
Seyak kada-van pujai Siva-nukku – iyattri-yidum
Marana-muc chadana-mun mattra-vittu vedana-mum
Peruttra tambana-mum pinninnal – kurum
72. Jura-modu butan kodun-numa vesam
Muran-vasiya makaruda moham – urait-tavik
Kuttira-kan mangal kuyit-trarka kar-kattai
Otta-vattrir pujai ozhi-yazhiyay – mukti-yurak
73. Kettira pidatir kilar deva-tai porutta
Cert-tiduma muddi-raiyun chei-maga-mum – nittu-mun
Ceiyavat-trin vadanai-gal tirtte viya baka-ma
Mei-yarivu tannaiye mevu-latte – ceyya
74. Maintain a neutral attitude towards all things; do not get
infatuated with anything; maintain equanimity whether in
happiness or suffering; be the same to friends and enemies;
treat alike a piece from a broken clay pot and a piece of gold.
75. A yogi should not be swayed by desires
or yield to gratifying the senses and should be free
from the delusion of treating things as ‘mine’ 44.
He should revel in the Self alone, free from fear and desire.
76. Equanimity must always be maintained,
whether praised or slandered; equal conduct45
must be observed towards all creatures and there should
be no discrimination between the Self and non-Self.
77. Disputes46, worldly associations
and quarrels should be avoided.
Not even spiritual disputations47 should be indulged in,
whether good or bad.
78. Jealousy, slander, pomp,passion, envy, love, anger, fear and misery
should all disappear
gradually and entirely.
79. If a man is free from all the pairs of opposites and always lives
in solitude (established in himself alone),he gains perfect wisdom even while in the present body,
and shines forth with great effulgence.
74. Samat-tuvame yuttruc charu-vamal asai
Samanai suka-dukkac charvir – sama-nagi
Mitti-rargal alladar melu-mottir ponnil
Otta-karut tonagi yuttra-game – chittam
75. Pori-visha yattil-oru podum virup-pam
Ura-vidadul mamadai yotti – ari-vura-muttru
Asai-bayam attrendrum anma-vile ramip-pan
Masila yogi madi-yadanal – acil
76. Sama-nagi nindai-yir chattru-tudi yirpin
Sama-nagic charva budat-tun – sama-drishti
Manni-dave vendu-mal mara-mal ennalun
Tannuyir-pol mannuyirir tan-monam – manni
77.Oruvuga-vin vadamudan ulaga goshti
Oruvuga pazhn kalaga-mum-pin – oruvuga
Sattira goshti-yaic charade ticchol-lodu
Ettunar sollum igan-didagat – arttezhu-vum
78.1ridai-yun kolum idamba mira-gamun
Charu-mam acchari-yan tanum-pin – neridum
Asaiyun kopa-mum accha-mun soha-mum
Ni-saruva mella-mella nikku-vai – vasanai-yal
79.Dondam anait-tun todara dakat-triye
Santa-tamun tan-janat-tai chara-dan – inda
Udam-budane yellam unarn-diduva nagit
Didam-perude sarn-dolir-van terai – madan-terumei
80. Liberation is attained only by true knowledge. By siddhis such
a result is unattainable. However, deluded aspirants become
enchanted with worldly enjoyments and supernatural powers
and strive after them.
81. Know that a pure and flawless person
will experience the Supreme Brahman
and attain liberation whether he has supernatural powers or not.
82. The body is constituted by the five elements47
and Siva dwells there. Hence all manifestations,
right from the indivisible, all-pervading Siva,
down to the earth48 are forms of Shankara49.
83-84. My dearest one, earnest seekers who see the Enlightened One
and worship Him with mind, speech and body in unison, and
who offer Him with heart-melting devotion, sweet-smelling
sandal paste, fruits, flowers, incense, purified water for bathing,
clothes and food, will attain liberation. Know that those who
worship that Jnani will reap the fruit of his righteous deeds and
those who slander Him will reap the result of such sins.
85. I have revealed the truth about the supreme knowledge and
the conduct pertaining to it, as you have asked. This entire
path is indeed Kalottara Jnana50. Tell me, O Lady, if you want
to ask anything more.
This treatise as translated by the ever-liberated Sri Ramana, provides the supreme beacon-light for the wise.
47 Earth, water, fire, air and ether.
48 Siva, the highest tattva, and earth, among the lower.
49 One of the names of Lord Siva.
50 The knowledge to be revealed at the final stage.
80. Jna-natti naleye nan-mutti avvan-nam
Enaiya siddi-payan indre-num – una-mam
Bogat-tun siddi-yinum pundumayal vendi-duvar
Sada-karai ullvar-gal tamarai-poi – odum
81. Ani-madi yana-gunam arndi-duga vandri
Anuga male-yahda galka – unarnde
Vimala-mam appadi-yai vidu-rudal tappan
Amala-mam dehi aritan – amari-damam
82. Agan-tan aim-buta akaram angeye
Eka-sivan tanum inida-marvan – baga-miladu
Engu-muru Siva-mun ittarai yira-mulagan
Sankaran tannuruvan tan-meiye – tunganam
83.Ivvarinja naikan disai-karana mundra-nun
Chevviya gan-dankani puttim-puhai-yun – divvi-yama
Niradal adaiyu nen-churu-gum anbal-indu
Ara-radit tidu var-piravi – sara-mal
84. Appadye viduru-var aruyire ammutti
Meyp-padiyu marga viruppa-mular – appu-rudar
Pujai-purivar annon punniyat-taip pavat-tai
Yesu-bavar eydidu-var endrennav – Isan
85. Ari-vudan acharam-evai yasik-kap pattadu
Arivik-kap patta-denal anda – neri-yavun
Kala jnanan-tan karut-til vere-vina-var
Pala-dedu made pakar-endran – Jnala-muyya
Muktan Ramanan mozhi peyart tinta-idu
Uttamar ullat toli.
(For the concluding verses, Sri Arunachala Pancha Ratnam is recited.)
Kalivenba begins here and continues throughout the text.
35. Yakshas: semi-divine beings who can assume any form at will and are believed
to live in trees, forests, caves and jungles; gandharvas: beautiful celestial beings
who live in the sky and possess great powers; nagas: semi-divine beings who
have the form of a snake, (half-snake, half-human) and dwell in subterranean
or sub-aquatic abodes.
40. Some aspirants may indulge in severe austerities and arduous practices, master
various techniques and even attain supernatural powers. However, these are to
be shunned as they do not lead to ultimate peace.